Tour de Wagner: From the Gralsburg through the Rhine to the VenusbergHaving just descended from the green hill, Andreas Schager resumes his “Tour de Wagner” at the beginning of the season 17/18.
On September 16th he will be singing the title role in the new production of Parsifal at the Hamburgische Staatsoper under the musical direction of the GMD, Kent Nagano. Further performances: September 24th/27th/30th.
The next leg of his “tour” is the Semperoper in Dresden, where he will be taking on Siegfried in Götterdämmerung for three performances (October 29th, November 1st/5th) alongside Nina Stemme (Brünnhilde) and Falk Struckmann (Hagen) and with Christian Thielemann at the conductor’s stand.
The preliminary “tour end” takes place at the Deutsche Oper Berlin, where Schager will be on stage as Tannhäuser on the following dates: November 11th/19th and December 2nd.
more about Andreas Schager
Of Murderers and MinistersFor Samuel Youn, this season begins with a collaboration with Zubin Mehta, under whose baton he will be singing the part of Don Fernando in concertante performances of Fidelio on September 23rd and 25th at the traditional Teatro di San Carlo. With him on stage are Anja Kampe as Leonore and Peter Seiffert as Florestan.
The next highlight is not long in coming: On December 1st, Youn will be making his debut as Hagen in an adaptation of Wagner’s Ring by Tatjana Gürbaca and with Constantin Trinks at the conductor’s stand of the Theater an der Wien. Further performances: December 3rd/07th/10th/17th/19th/29th and 31st.
Further information about the Ring adaptation under the following link:
more about Samuel Youn
3 continents in 4 monthsThe Bayreuth Festival is just around the corner – which means lots of great opera experiences. One of them is Marina Prudenskaya as Waltraute in Götterdämmerung under the baton of Marek Janowski (Stage director: Frank Castorf). Performance dates: August 3rd/13th and 28th.
Following the festivities on the green hill, Ms. Prudenskaya will travel to the States, where she will sing the part of Amneris in Verdi’s Aida at the Washington National Opera. The production is a new co-production with San Francisco Opera, Seattle Opera and Minnesota Opera, marking the first staging of Verdi’s masterpiece at the WNO in more than 25 years. Performances on: September 10th/15th/17th and 21st.
Marina Prudenskaya will perform the same role in South America when she goes on stage at the Teatro Municipal de Santiago de Chile alongside e.g. Vitaliy Bilyy in November. Performances: November 4th/9th/11th and 14th.
more about Marina Prudenskaya
Anatevka at Komische Oper Berlin and on tour with MENSCHENsKINDAfter enthusing the audience in Eine Frau, die weiß, was sie will! at the beginning of the season, Dagmar Manzel will be back on stage at her Berlin parent house from December 3rd, this time making her debut as Golde in Jerry Bock’s cult musical Anatevka. In the staging by the Komische Oper’s own Barrie Kosky, she will be playing the feisty wife of Milkman Tevye, played by her congenial partner Max Hopp.
In addition to her operetta activities, Dagmar Manzel will again be going on tour with her solo programme MENSCHENsKIND through Germany, this time making stops at the Kurt Weill Festival in Dessau (February 27th), Hannover (February 28th), and Chemnitz (March 23rd).
more about Dagmar Manzel
Return to two musical strongholdsAfter a great festival summer, where Anna Bonitatibus could be seen and heard as Penelope/Il ritorno d’Ulisse in patria and Sesto/La clemenza di Tito, the beginning of the season 17/18 holds ready a big opera production.
In the staging by Tobias Kratzer and under the musical direction of Antonello Manacorda, a proven Mozart expert, the new production of Lucio Silla with Anna Bonitatibus as Cecilio begins on October 29th at Brussels‘ Théâtre de la Monnaie. Further performances: October 31st and November 2nd/04th/07th/09th/12th and 15th.
In the new year, Anna Bonitatibus will return to London’s Wigmore Hall for two concerts with works ranging from Rossini to Berio. On January 25th she will be on stage with three further artists, and on the 27th she will be performing solo with Adele d’Aronzo at the piano.
more about Anna Bonitatibus
Fluctuation between great drama and colourful comedyAt the beginning of the new season, Nicole Chevalier will be on stage in three different productions. Starting September 3rd, she will be singing Violetta Valéry/La Traviata in the production by Benedikt von Peter at Staatsoper Hannover (Performances: September 16th/28th and October 7th/11th) and from September 13th at the Lucerne Theater as well. (Performances: September 26th, October 21st/27th, December 15th and February 5th)
Also in Lucerne, Marco Štorman’s production of Massenet’s Manon celebrates its premiere, in which Nicole Chevalier will sing the title role for a total of six performances: November 12th/23rd/29th, December 13th/21st and January 14th.
After winning the Faust-Preis and following the sensational Medea of the past season, Nicole Chevalier returns to the KOB in the season 17/18. From October 1st until December 25th she takes on the title role in Barrie Kosky’s exuberant production of La belle Hélène. In this role she cannot only be heard on the Berlin stage but in Austria as well, when the production visits St. Pölten on September 23rd and 24th.
more about Nicole Chevalier
Innovative concert format with Andreas SchagerFascination Wagner is a completely innovative concert format with Andreas Schager!
„Fascination Wagner“ presents highlights of the operas of Richard Wagner in combination with specially produced music videos in a new dimension. The story of each opera is thus comprehensively and directly accessible to the audience.
For further information about this exciting project please visit:
more about Andreas Schager
Two signature roles and Straussian forces of soundThis fall, Doris Soffel will once again be taking on two of her signature roles.
First she will sing Herodias in the revival of Sven Eric Bechtholf’s staging of Salome and under the musical direction of Ulf Schirmer. Performances: September 28th and October 1st/8th/15th.
Subsequently, she will return to the Deutsche Oper Berlin where she will take on the role of the haunted Klytämnestra for which she has been celebrated by audience and critics alike, most recently in Munich and Stuttgart. Under the baton of the GMD, Donald Runnicles, she will be on stage on the three following dates: October 19th/26th/30th.
more about Doris Soffel
Mika Kares & Tuomas Katajala
Finnish double debut at ROHWith great expectation we await the new season which opens with a double house debut by our Finns Mika Kares and Tuomas Katajala, when they perform in David McVicar’s staging of Die Zauberflöte at the Royal Opera House Covent Garden in London.
From September 12th Mika Kares will be on stage as Sarastro under the baton of Julia Jones and alongside Roderick Williams as Papageno, enthusing the audience with his powerful bass. Further performances: September 14th/16th/18th/20th/21st/23rd and 26th. The performance on September 20th will also be shown in selected cinemas.
Also under the baton of Julia Jones, Tuomas Katajala will take on the role of Tamino from October 5th. With Florian Sempey as Papageno at his side he will master any challenge the evening may bring. Further performance dates: October 7th/11th/13th and 14th.
more about Mika Kares
more about Tuomas Katajala
Roberto Rizzi Brignoli
Masterful interpretations of Italian mastersFor Roberto Rizzi-Brignoli, the new season begins with a great debut with the Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra! On October 20th and 21st he undertakes the musical direction of Verdi’s Requiem, in which fellow BOM artist, Tuija Knihtilä, can be heard as well.
Subsequently, Rizzi-Brignoli returns to the Deutsche Oper Berlin where, starting October 29th, he will conduct Verdi’s Nabucco, with which he shone in Rome past season. Further performance dates: November 1st, May 20th/24th.
Simultaneously, on November 2nd, he will make his debut at the Oper Stuttgart with Madama Butterfly, directed by Monique Wagemakers. The production can be seen and heard throughout the whole of November: 07th/12th/19th and 25th.
The next Italian master calls him to his hometown. On November 24th, Donizetti’s seldomly staged opera Il borgomastro di Saardam celebrates its premiere at the Teatro Donizetti Bergamo with Roberto Rizzi-Brignoli at the conductor’s stand. Further performances on: November 26th and December 2nd.
more about Roberto Rizzi Brignoli
Young Doo Park
As Landgraf in WiesbadenAn exciting role debut awaits Young Doo Park at his parent house in Wiesbaden. On November 19th, the young bass will be on stage as Landgraf Hermann in the new production of Wagner’s Tannhäuser by Uwe Eric Laufenberg. At the conductor’s stand is Patrick Lange and with Park on stage is, among others, Lance Ryan in the title role. Further performance dates: November 24th, December 3rd/17th, January 10th/28th, March 30th, May 27th and June 30th.
more about Young Doo Park
Together with Cinderella in MannheimAttilio Cremonesi is in demand worldwide as an interpreter of the works of Gioachino Rossini and this season he’ll be a guest conductor at the Nationaltheater Mannheim. After the premiere of the new production of La Cenerentola on 1st of November he will be at the conductor’s stand for six continuing performances. (November 04th and 12th ; December 03rd ; February 16th and 23rd and March 03rd )
In addition to his guest performances, Attilio Cremonesi will take over the musical direction of this year’s Christmas Concert of the Kammerakademie Potsdam at the Nikolaisaal on December 17.
more about Attilio Cremonesi
En route: Black Box Gasteig and 'Weimar am Pazifik'In this season, the ensemble member will, among other roles, be on stage as Hansel at her parent house in Wiesbaden throughout December. Moreover, Silvia Hauer will once again go on a journey and can be heard at numerous concerts.
One highlight is the concert on December 08th as part of the ‘Killmayer Musikfest’. In celebration of the composer’s 90th birthday she will be on stage with Gerold Huber at the piano at the Black Box Gasteig in Munich.
In the new year, her path leads to the Alte Aula Heidelberg where on January 23rd she will be performing in another solo concert, this time under the motto “Weimar am Pazifik – Los Angeles als Kultur- und Musikstadt des Exils”.
more about Silvia Hauer
A tempestuous fall with important debutsOn October 1st, Katharina Konradi will make her debut at the Hamburgische Staatsoper. Under the baton of Christof Prick and alongside Burkhard Fritz as Max, she takes on the role of Ännchen in the Konwitschny staging of Der Freischütz. Further performances: October 05th/08th/10th and 13th.
In addition to the opera stage, Katharina Konradi can again be heard performing at numerous concerts. In celebration of the birthday of Clara Schumann and as part of the Bonner Schumannfest, she will be performing German and French Lieder and duets with Silvia Hauer on September 13th at the Schumannhaus in Bonn.
Also in Bonn, though devoted to another composer, Katharina Konradi will be singing works by Beethoven, Schubert and Brahms at the Beethoven-Haus Bonn on September 17th. The concert is part of this year’s Beethoven Festival in Bonn.
On October 24th, Ms. Konradi will be going on a short tour with Klaus-Maria Brandauer, Thomas Hengelbrock and the NDR Elbphilharmonie Orchestra. After already enthusing the audience of the Elbphilharmonie with Beethoven’s Egmont, this concert event will visit Frankfurt, Hannover and Bremen.
Further information about the project under the following link:
more about Katharina Konradi
House debut at the BolshoiOn October 18th, Heather Engebretson will be making her house debut at the Bolshoi Theatre in the title role of Katie Mitchell’s production ‘Alcina’ under the musical direction of Andrea Marcon.
Further information about this early season highlight can be found under following link:
more about Heather Engebretson
Spiritual grandeur meets carnivalesque mirthWhere last season ended with Mozart’s mass in C minor, this season begins with Beethoven’s Missa Solemnis. As part of this year’s RuhrTriennale, Lothar Odinius will be singing the tenor part under the baton of Steven Sloane and alongside Mika Kares in the Anneliese Brost Musikforum Ruhr on the 30th of September.
Following last year’s house debut, Lothar Odinius will also be returning to the Elbphilharmonie in the beginning of October. Under the musical direction of chief conductor Thomas Hengelbrock, he can be heard in Mozart’s Requiem on the following dates: October 06th/07th and 08th.
His next engagement could not be more different. On November 2nd, Peter Langdal’s staging of Eine Nacht in Venedig celebrates its premiere in Graz with Lothar Odinius in the role of Herzog Guido von Urbino. The co-production with Opéra de Lyon already enjoyed great popularity while staged there, and the success will most certainly continue in Graz (further performances: November 30th and December 2nd/10th/17th/20th/22nd and 31st) and at next year’s guest performances in Muscat (November 29th and December 1st).
more about Lothar Odinius
As Baron, Hunter, Prophet and Water Goblin in LeipzigAlso in this season, ensemble member Tuomas Pursio will take on big roles in numerous productions at the Opera Leipzig.
Starting October 1st, he will be on stage as the villain Scarpia/Tosca and from October 07th as Kaspar/Der Freischütz in the staging by Christian von Götz. Conducting both productions is Marcus Bosch.
On October 14th he will be embodying the headless Jochanaan in Salome under the musical direction of Ulf Schirmer, and on December 3rd the new production of Rusalka (Stage Director: Michiel Dijkema), in which Tuomas Pursio is on stage as the Water Goblin, celebrates its premiere.
Further performance dates can be found under following link:
more about Tuomas Pursio
Purtimiro Festival 2017As musical director of the Festival Purtimiro, Rinaldo Alessandrini will be at the conductor’s stand of the Teatro Rossini di Lugo at numerous concerts between September 29th and October 15th. This year will be particularly devoted to the works of J.S. Bach.
The opening on September 29th is going to be carried out by Alessandrini and his Concerto Italiano. Under the motto “Variations on Variations” they will be playing Bach’s Goldberg Variations in a transcription for strings and harpsichord.
Highlights of the festival are the interludes Serpilla e Bacocco and Fidalba e Artabano, which will be performed on October 07th and 15th under the baton of Mr. Alessandrini.
Another interesting concert project titled Crossdressing Bach takes place on October 13th. Rinaldo Alessandrini on harpsichord and Enrico Gatti on violin will be swapping works by Bach, so that the pieces originally written for the one instrument will now be played by the other.
Further information about the festival can be found under following link:
more about Rinaldo Alessandrini
Valhalla burning and a passion in flamesOn September 24th and again on October 21st, Betsy Horne will be embodying Gutrune in the revival of Uwe Eric Laufenberg’s staging of Götterdämmerung. Conducting the production at Staatstheater Wiesbaden is Alexander Joel.
After Valhalla has perished, Betsy Horne will be travelling to Jakub Hrůša and the Bamberg Symphony to sing the soprano part in Ernest Chausson‘s ‘Poème de l’amour et de la mer ‘ on September 29th in the Bamberg Concert Hall. Within the frame of the final concert of the Beethoven Fest, she can be heard singing the same part on October 1st in the same constellation at Conference Center Bonn.
more about Betsy Horne
Minnesingers' contest and operetta bliss at the Opera CologneNot many artists are able to unite the classic opera repertoire with works from the 20th and 21st century in their schedules, let alone perform it to continuous perfection. One of those artists, however, is Croatian baritone Miljenko Turk. He masters the classic opera repertoire from Mozart to Puccini and devotes himself with great emphasis to the often highly challenging and rarely performed works of the 20th and 21st century.
In the season 2017/18, Miljenko Turk will again be performing demanding and fach-overlapping roles at his parent house, the Opera Cologne.
On September 24th, the new production of Wagner’s Tannhäuser celebrates ist premiere, in which Turk sings the multifaceted role of Wolfram von Eschenbach under the baton of GMD Francois-Xavier Roth. In this role he will be on stage for a total of nine performances: September 30th, October 06th/08th/12th/14th/22nd/28th and November 1st.
Further, Miljenko Turk will make his role debut as Gabriel von Eisenstein on November 26th, when he is on stage in the new production of Die Fledermaus under the baton of Marcus Bosch. The production can be seen throughout the entire month of December.
more about Miljenko Turk
A busy season start for the GMD of Theater PforzheimFollowing the premiere of Die Zauberflöte on September 15th at his parent house as well as the 1st Symphony Concert with Martin Stadtfeld as a soloist (October 15th) at CongressCentrum Pforzheim, Markus Huber travels west.
For two nights he will be on the conductor’s stand of the Louisiana Philharmonic Orchestra at the Jefferson Performing Arts Center (October 19th) and the Orpheum Theater in New Orleans (October 20th).
From there, his path leads him to Amsterdam where he will perform at the Concertgebouw with the Nordwestdeutsche Philharmonie on October 29th.
Finally, in the context of an opera gala, Markus Huber will be conducting two concerts with the Philharmonie Südwestfalen on November 17th and 18th, starring, among others, Alejandro Marco-Buhrmester and Marjukka Tepponen.
more about Markus Huber
Exceeding thresholds: From Dramma giocoso to Musique spectraleAfter stepping in for Nadja Michael with the Ensemble Intercontemporain in Paris and mastering the demanding soprano part in Vivier‘s Trois airs pour un opéra imaginaire with bravura, the new season begins with another exciting concert.
With the Ensemble Modern and under the baton of Michael Wendeberg, Anna Palimina will be devoting herself to the last work by Gérard Grisey, the Quatre chants pour franchir le seuil, on September 30th at the Alte Oper Frankfurt.
In addition to her concert activity, Anna Palimina stays faithful to the Opera Cologne in this season as well, singing Carolina in the new production of Cimarosa’s Il matrimonio segreto. Performances: June 24th/27th/29th July 1st/05th/07th/15th.
more about Anna Palimina
Wagnerian waves of sound at the SpreeFor Martina Welschenbach, the fresh season begins with a true highlight. On September 18th she can be heard at the Berlin Philharmonie as part of the final concert of this year’s Musikfest Berlin. Under the baton of Donald Runnicles and, among others, alongside Bryn Terfel (Wotan) and Anja Harteros (Sieglinde) she will be singing the part of Helmwige in a concertante performance of the 3. act of Die Walküre.
Following this concert she will be returning to her Berlin parent house, the Deutsche Oper, where she will be performing the role of Senta in Christian Spuck’s staging of The Flying Dutchman on three nights: September 22nd, October 27th and November 18th. On September 22nd, Robert Watson will be with her on stage singing the part of Erik.
more about Martina Welschenbach
From Castle to MonasteryFor Yorck-Felix Speer a summer of music festivals awaits. Next month he will be performing at the Herrenchiemsee Festival, where he sings the bass parts in Bach’s Magnificat and Mozart’s C Minor Mass under the baton of Enoch zu Guttenberg. The concert takes place on July 20th in the Spiegelsaal of the Herrenchiemsee Castle.
In the following month, Mr. Speer’s path takes him to the Rheingau Music Festival, where on August 24th he will take part in a concert at the Eberbach Monastery. The concert is dedicated to the work of Anton Bruckner, whose 9th Symphony and Te Deum are going to be performed on the evening. Conducting is once again Enoch zu Guttenberg.
In the next season Yorck-Felix Speer will be dedicating his time to Wagner when he takes on the role of Reinmar von Zweter in Tannhäuser at Opera Cologne (Premiere: September 24th) followed by the role of Daland in The Flying Dutchman in Bari, Italy.
more about Yorck-Felix Speer
Important role debuts at the Deutsche Oper BerlinIn his second season as a member of the ensemble at the Deutsche Oper Berlin, once again, several important debuts in big productions await Robert Watson.
On September 08th he makes his debut as Erik/The Flying Dutchman alongside Martina Welschenbach as Senta in the production by Christian Spuck. (Further performance on September 22nd).
Subsequently, on October 29th and November 1st, he will be on stage as Ismaele/Nabucco under the baton of the Verdi expert, Roberto Rizzi Brignoli.
Lastly, another role debut awaits Robert Watson on February 08th. In Boleslaw Barlog‘s staging of Tosca (1969) he will be embodying Mario Cavaradossi, whose opponent, Scarpia, Samuel Youn will be singing.
more about Robert Watson
Rusalka premiere and a concert tour through AustriaRaffaela Lintl’s second season at Theater Magdeburg began with one of her dream roles. On September 9th she sang the title role at the premiere of the new production of Rusalka. Conducting the production is Pawel Poplawski; stage director is Stephen Lawless.
The production is on the programme until 29.12.2017. Further information including all performance dates can be found under following link:
Further, Raffaela Lintl will be performing at a series of concerts over the turn of the year with Tonkünstler-Orchester Niederösterreich in various Austrian cities, starting at the Vienna Musikverein.
more about Raffaela Lintl
Nordic soundscapes and Italian opera classicsFor Finnish soprano Marjukka Tepponen, the new season will begin in the capital of Spain. With the Orquesta de la Comunidad de Madrid and under the baton of Miguel Ángel Gómez, she will perform Uuno Klami’s ‘Psalmus’ at the Teatro Auditorio San Lorenzo de El Escorial on September 29th.
Furthermore, Tepponen will be on stage at the Apollo-Theater Siegen (November 17th/18th) and the Stadthalle Heidelberg (November 19th) as part of an opera gala. With Markus Huber conducting the Philharmonie Südwestfalen and alongside Alejandro Marco-Buhrmester, she will be singing arias and duets by Verdi, among others.
more about Marjukka Tepponen
Dan Karlström135 years of opera history. A versatile programme at his parent house
As a member of the ensemble of Opera Leipzig, this season numerous exciting projects once more await Dan Karlström. First off, on October 04th he will take on the role of the Witch in the fairytale opera Hansel and Gretel, followed by Le nozze di Figaro/Basilio starting October 12th.
Further roles, in which Dan Karlström can be seen and heard, include the tenor part in St. John Passion, a ballet by Mario Schröder and with the music of J.S. Bach (starting October 31st), Mime in Das Rheingold (starting January 06th) and Siegfried (from January 13th) under the musical direction of Ulf Schirmer, as well as Pong in Puccini’s last opera Turandot (starting January 27th) and Monostatos/Die Zauberflöte starting March 11th.
more about Dan Karlström
Mozart's ancient opera in MadridThe much sought after interpreter of Mozart roles, Kenneth Tarver, was most recently on stage at the Teatro Real de Madrid in the role of Aufidio/Lucio Silla. Under the stage direction of Claus Guth and the musical direction of Ivor Bolton, he enthused the audience over the course of five nights.
more about Kenneth Tarver
House debut at Theater an der Wien with René JacobsAt the beginning of the new season, Michael Smallwood will give his house debut at the Theater an der Wien as Monostatos / 2nd Priest and 1st Armoured Man/Die Zauberflöte. The new production of Thorsten Fischer and with René Jacobs at the conductor's stand celebrates its premiere on 17th of September. Further performances take place on the following dates: 23rd/26th and 28th of September.
more about Michael Smallwood
Member of the Young Ensemble in AntwerpThe young Finn Markus Suihkonen can look forward to an exciting season as he will be joining the “Young Ensemble” of the renowned Vlaamse Opera Antwerp. Already his first role poses a great challenge, when he takes on the Doorman in E.W. Korngold's rarely staged opera 'Das Wunder der Heliane'. Performance dates: September 15th/17th/20th/23rd (Gent) and October 1st/3rd/5th/8th (Antwerp).
In addition, Suihkonen will be on stage in the following productions: Le duc d’Albe/Daniel (Premiere: November 17th in Gent), Falstaff/Pistola (Premiere: December 13th in Antwerp), Pelléas et Mélisande/Doctor+Shepherd (Premiere: February 2nd in Antwerp), Parsifal/2. Gralsritter+Titurel (Premiere: March 18th in Antwerp), La clemenza di Tito/Publio (Premiere: May 6th in Gent) and Prokofiev’s The Gambler/Baron (Premiere: June 13th in Gent).
more about Markus Suihkonen
Role debuts in ChemnitzFor Alexandra Ionis a season full of exciting projects lies ahead, and especially the audience of Theater Chemnitz may start looking forward to the young mezzo soprano, because here she will be performing in no less than three different productions. First she will make her role debut as Annina/Der Rosenkavalier (Premiere: September 30th), followed by debuts as Marcellina/Le nozze di Figaro (Revival: October 6th) and Ulrica/Un ballo in maschera (Premiere: December 2nd)
more about Alexandra Ionis
Magical prospects until ChristmasDuring the pre-Christmas season, Sebastian Holecek returns to the Bayerische Staatsoper in Munich, where he will be on stage as Peter Besenbinder in Richard Jones’ production of the fairytale opera Hansel and Gretel. Performances: December 14th/16th and 21st.
more about Sebastian Holecek
BOM artists come together as ensemble "Lied23"The special concept of the programme, which consists only of works by Johannes Brahms and Robert Schumann, is constituted in a novel performance form located between classical-concertante recital and scenic performance: After the Brahmsian opening quartet, the concert approach dissolves and a continuous shift of the pairs and situations begins, leading the thoughts to the garden scene in Goethe’s Faust and consistently offering new surprises and not letting go of the listener until the end of the evening. The evident concatenation of duets and quartets in closely related keys allows for the seamless, intertwining and ever-increasing playing by the protagonists.
To direct the singers, renowned opera stage director Hinrich Horstkotte was acquired.
With Carine Tinney, Bettina Ranch, Lothar Odinius, Sebastian Noack, and Manuel Lange as the ensemble Lied23, five musicians have come together, who for years passionately devoted themselves to the Lied genre, but who also possess the substantial experience within the field of opera needed for such high intensity Lied interpretation.